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Or # P Value Calculator

Want to Find?

Find P-value with?

Z-score:

Degrees of freedom (d):

Denominator degrees of freedom (d₂):

Significance level:

Table of Content

 1 What is P-value? 2 How to calculate p value? 3 P value chart: 4 What does p value mean? 5 What p value is significant? 6 How to interpret p value? 7 Can a p value be greater than 1?

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The p value calculator is help you in calculating p-value from Z score, T score, F statistic, correlation coefficient (R), or chi-square value with the help of various statistical methods.

## What is P-Value?

In statistics, the P value is actually the probability of finding the most extreme outcomes when the null hypothesis that is supposed is true.

We cannot define the P value in terms of direct probability of a state.

Null Hypothesis (H0):

A condition in which we suppose that there is no difference between the observed value and the expected value of data is termed a null hypothesis.

Alternative Hypothesis (H1):

If we accept any considerable change in the population after analysis, then we are supposed to adopt the alternative hypothesis that supports any variance in the data.

## How to Calculate P Value?

As discussed before, we can approach different methods to find p value that uses different p value formula to compute the results. Theses include:

### P value from Chi Square (X2):

A chi square test is basically a statistical hypothesis test that is used to calculate p value. With the help of chi square test, you can fetch the basic theme of whether there is a statistically significant difference among expected and observed values of frequencies. If you want to know more about a chi square test and finding p value using this statistical method, you can approach our free p value from chi square calculator.

### P value from Z Score:

A z score tells you about the fluctuating standard deviations from the mean state. The following p value formula from z score tells us how to find p value:

P value for two-tailed test = p value from z score table * 2
P value for left0tailed test = p value from z score table
P value for right-tailed test = 1 – p value from z score table

### P value from T Score:

A t score is basically equivalent to that of the z score having some variation in concept. It also represents the phenomenon of standard deviation. The basic difference is a z score uses a mean of 0 while a t score uses the mean of 50. A p value from t score calculator assists you in calculating p value more precisely.

### P value from F Score:

You can not find p value with the help of any p value formula for f score. However you can also use f score table to know how to find the p value.

### How P-Value Calculator Works?

Apart from the manual calculations, an online p score calculator can be used to find the p value by adopting various statistical ways.

Input:

From the drop down menu, select one of the following method for statistical calculation:

• Two-tailed p value
• left -tailed p value
• Right-tailed p value

After this, select the type of test from next list which is either:

• Z – Score
• T -Score
• Chi Square Score
• F – Score

Once you are done with the selection criteria,

• Input values against all parameters defined for the specific method you chose
• Click ‘calculate’

Output:

The calculator calculates either:

• Left-tailed p value
• Right-tailed p value
• Two-tailed p value
• Significance level for which the p value is statistically significant

From the source of wikipedia: composite hypothesis, Interpretation, Exact test, Statistical significance test.

From the source of khan academy: Simple probability, Intuitive sense of probabilities, Comparing probabilities.