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Statistics Calculators ▶ Prediction Interval Calculator

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**Table of Content**

The prediction interval calculator estimates the confidence interval for the independent variable (X) and the dependent variable (Y) of a given set of data values.

A prediction interval defines a certain range of values around which the response is going to fall or is expected to fall. For example, for 95 % of the prediction interval or range [5,10], you are 95 % certain that the next value is going to fall in this range.

The indicated prediction interval calculator online makes it clear what is the confidence level of a certain range or a prediction in regression analysis. The confidence interval of the linear regression values of the response variable can be checked by the prediction interval.

Consider the data sample of the independent variables 6, 7, 7, 8, 12, 14, 15, 16, 16, 19, and the dependent variable 14, 15, 15, 17, 18, 18, 16, 14, 11, and 8. The confidence level is 95% and the Xo is “3”.

So, the predicted value of the

The given data that is available for dependent and independent variables:

Obs. |
X |
Y |

1 | 6 | 14 |

2 | 7 | 15 |

3 | 7 | 15 |

4 | 8 | 17 |

5 | 12 | 18 |

6 | 14 | 18 |

7 | 15 | 16 |

8 | 16 | 14 |

9 | 16 | 11 |

10 | 19 | 8 |

Now by the predicted and the response variable, we construct the following table

Obs. |
X |
Y |
Xᵢ² |
Yᵢ² |
Xᵢ · Yᵢ |

1 | 6 | 14 | 36 | 196 | 84 |

2 | 7 | 15 | 49 | 225 | 105 |

3 | 7 | 15 | 49 | 225 | 105 |

4 | 8 | 17 | 64 | 289 | 136 |

5 | 12 | 18 | 144 | 324 | 216 |

6 | 14 | 18 | 196 | 324 | 252 |

7 | 15 | 16 | 225 | 256 | 240 |

8 | 16 | 14 | 256 | 196 | 224 |

9 | 16 | 11 | 256 | 121 | 176 |

10 | 19 | 8 | 361 | 64 | 152 |

Sum = | 120 | 146 | 1636 | 2220 | 1690 |

The predicted value calculator draws the tables of the dependent and independent variables and evaluates the best-fitting prediction interval.

\(SS_{XX} = \sum^n_{i-1}X_i^2 – \dfrac{1}{n} \left(\sum^n_{i-1}X_i \right)^2\)

\(= 1636 – \dfrac{1}{10} (120)^2\)

\(= 196\)

\(SS_{YY} = \sum^n_{i-1}Y_i^2 – \dfrac{1}{n} \left(\sum^n_{i-1}Y_i \right)^2\)

\(= 2220 – \dfrac{1}{10} (146)^2\)

\(= 88.4\)

\(SS_{XY} = \sum^n_{i-1}X_iY_i – \dfrac{1}{n} \left(\sum^n_{i-1}X_i \right) \left(\sum^n_{i-1}Y_i \right)\)

\(= 1690 – \dfrac{1}{10} (120) (146)\)

\(= -62

The slope of the line and the y-intercepts are calculated by the formulas:

\(hat{\beta}_1 = \dfrac{SS_{XY}}{SS_{XX}}\)

\(= \dfrac{-62}{196}\)

\(= -0.31633\)

\(hat{\beta}_0 = \bar{Y} – \hat{\beta}_1 \times \bar{X}\)

\(= 14.6 – -0.31633 \times 12\)

\(= 18.396\)

Then, the regression equation is:

\(hat{Y} = 18.396 -0.31633X\)

Now, The total sum of the square is:

\(SS_{Total} = SS_{YY} = 88.4\)

Also, the regression sum of the square is calculated as:

\(SS_{R} = \hat{B}_1 SS_{XY}\)

\(= -0.31633 \times -62\)

\(= 19.612\)

Now:

\(SS_{E} = SS_{Total} – SS_{R}\)

\(= 88.4 – 19.612\)

\(SS_{E} = 68.788\)

So, the mean squared error is:

\(MSE = \dfrac{SS_{Error}}{n – 2}\)

\(= \dfrac{68.7894}{10 – 2}\)

\(= 8.5987\)

By picking the square root we find the standard error:

\(hat{\sigma} = \sqrt{MSE}\)

\(= \sqrt{8.5987}\)

\(= 2.9324\)

As, we figure a 95% prediction interval for the predicted value is 17.4467, and the level that is used equals 0.05 as verified by 95 prediction interval calculator. The critical t-value for df = n − 2 = 10 – 2 = 8 degrees of freedom, and α = 0.05 is t = 2.16.

Now, the data is organized to determine the margin error for the prediction interval with this all given information.

\(E = t_\sigma/2;n-2 \times \sqrt{{\sigma}^2 \left(1 + \dfrac{1}{n} + \dfrac{\left( X_0 – \bar{X} \right)^2} {SS_{XX}} \right)}\)

\(= 2.16 \times \sqrt{8.5987 \left(1 + \dfrac{1}{10} + \dfrac{\left( 3 – 12 \right)^2} {196} \right)}

= 7.7916\)

So, the predicted value of the 95% prediction interval is Y = 17.4467

\(PI = \left(\hat{Y} + E , \hat{Y} – E \right\)

\(PI = \left(17.4467 + 7.7916 , 17.4467 – 7.7916 \right\)

\(PI = \left(9.6551 , 25.2383 \right\)

The best predicted value calculator calculates the step-by-step solution of the regression analysis. In this example, you are assured that the 95 % predicted interval fall between the range of (9.6551, 25.2383).

Our prediction calculator is quite straightforward to use! It requires a couple of data set values to compute the prediction interval. Let’s see how!

**Input:**

- Enter the independent(X) and dependent variable(Y)
- Enter the confidence level and Xo values for prediction
- Tap Calculate

**Ouput:**

- Step-by-step calculation of Prediction Interval
- Range of Prediction Interval

From the source of the statisticsbyjim.com: Prediction intervals

From the source of study.com: Confidence Interval, What is a Prediction Interval?