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**Table of Content**

Our solution dilution calculator determines the volume of a stock solution which is required to create the desired concentration of a final solution. It takes into account the initial and final concentration along with the initial volume.

Dilution is a method of lowering the concentration of a solute in the volume of a solution. It is a common practice to achieve the desired concentration for a particular analysis. It entails adding more solvent to a solution without increasing the amount of solute.

The simple way to dilute a solution is to combine a more concentrated solution with a less concentrated one. This is essential when stock solutions are typically obtained and stored in high concentrations.

C1V1 = C2V2

Where:

**C1 = Initial concentration of the solution**

**V1 = Volume of the initial solution**

**C2 = Final concentration of the solution**

**V2 = Final volume of the diluted solution**

Let’s say we have a solution with an initial concentration of 0.1 M (molarity) and a volume of 500 mL. We want to dilute this solution to a final concentration of 0.05 M. So find the volume of a diluted solution.

- Initial concentration
**C1 = 0.1 M** - Initial Volume
**V1 = 0.5 L** - Final concentration
**C2 = 0.05 M**

**Dilution Formula:**

\({C_{1} V_{1}} = {C_{2}{V_2}}\)

We can rearrange the formula to solve for V2

\(V_{2}=\frac{C_{1} V_{1}}{C_{2}}\)

Substituting the given values:

\(V_{2}=\frac{0.1 M \times 0.5 L}{0.05 M}\)

\(V_{2}=\frac{0.05 \text{ mol/L} \times 0.5 \text{ L}}{0.05 \text{ mol/L}}\)

\(V_{2}=1.0 \mathrm{~L}\)

Using the solution dilution calculator, we find that to dilute the initial solution from 0.1 M to 0.05 M, we need to add 1.0 liter of solvent.

mmÂ³ | cmÂ³ | dmÂ³ | mÂ³ |
---|---|---|---|

1000000 | 1000 | 1 | 0.001 |

inÂ³ | ftÂ³ | ydÂ³ | ml |

61.024 | 0.035314475403468 | 0.0013078733978551 | 1000 |

cl | tsp | US gal | UK gal |

100 | 202.9 | 0.26420079260238 | 0.21997360316762 |

US fl oz | UK fl oz | cups | tbsp |

33.814 | 35.195 | 4.227 | 66.6667 |

US qt | UK qt | US pt | UK pt |

1.057 | 0.88028169014085 | 2.113376 | 1.759754 |

The concentrated solution refers to the amount of solute dissolved in the solution compared to the amount of solvent.

To dilute a 10% solution to a 1% solution, you need to add nine parts of solvent (such as water) to one part of the 10% solution.

Take 10 ml of the 10% solution to 90 ml of solvent to create a 100 ml solution.

To dilute a 1M solution to 0.8M there is a need to calculate the amount of solvent to the 1M solution.

= 1 M x V1

= 0.8 M x 50 ml V1

= 40 ml

**For Example,** if you have 100mL of 1M solution, you would need to add 80mL of solvent to achieve a 0.8M solution.