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Vapor Pressure Calculator

Vapor Pressure Calculator

Find the vapor pressure of liquids and mixtures by entering the required inputs in the following calculator.

Clausius-Clapeyron Equation

Initial Temperature

 

Final Temperature

 

Initial Pressure

 

Enthalpy of Vaporization

 

Raoult's Law

Mole Fraction

Pressure of the Solvent

 

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Use the vapor pressure calculator to determine the precise vapor pressure of a substance or a mixture for your chemistry experiments.

What Is Meant By Vapor Pressure?

This is the pressure exerted by the molecules of a substance that is placed inside a closed system. It occurs when the vaporization and condensation are happening at the same time. 

Vapor Pressure is an essential property that is widely used in the field of chemistry because it allows predicting the behavior of substances under various types of conditions. 

The three main factors that affect vapor pressure are:

  • Temperature
  • Surface area
  • Intermolecular Force

Vapor Pressure Formula:

Use the below-mentioned Clausius-Clapeyron equation to find the vapor pressure at a specific temperature:

ln(P1/P2) = (ΔHvap/R)((1/T2) – (1/T1))

Where 

  • T1 is the Initial temperature measured in Kelvin
  • T2 represents the final temperature
  • P1 is the Initial pressure
  • P2 is the final pressure
  • ΔH is the Molar enthalpy of vaporization
  • R  is the Gas constant which is equal to 8.3145 J/mol⋅K

You can also use Raoult’s Law to find the vapor pressure:

P_solution = P_solvent X_solvent

Where

  • P_solution is the vapor pressure of a solution
  • P_Solvent represents the solvent vapor pressure
  • X_solvent is the mole fraction of the solvent

How To Calculate Vapor Pressure?

Clausius Clapeyron Equation:

Follow the below-mentioned steps to calculate the vapor pressure:

  • First of all, determine the value of the temperature at which you want to find the pressure
  • Get the value of the initial pressure 
  • Determine the value of heat of vaporization (∆H_vap) of the specific substance
  • Now convert the temperature to kelvin by adding 273.15 to the value of temperature, if your temperature is in Celsius
  • Add these values to the above-mentioned vapor pressure formula and you will get the value of vapor pressure

Raoult’s Law:

  • Determine the mole fractions of the components that are available in a mixture
  • Find the vapor pressure (P) of the component
  • If the mixture has multiple components then find the vapor pressure of each component
  • Sum the vapor pressures of all components to get the total vapor pressure

Vapor Pressure Example:

Suppose you have a solution that has a solute mole fraction of 0.6. The vapor pressure of water is 16.358 mmHg at 23 °C. How to find vapor pressure of the solution. 

Solution:

X_solvent = 1.0000 − 0.6 = 0.4

Put the values in the vapor pressure equation of Raoult’s Law:

P_solution = (X_solvent) (P_solvent)

x = (0.4) (16.358)

x = 6.5432 mmHg

Common Substances:

In the following table we have mentioned various compounds, their boiling point, normal temperature and heat of vaporization.

Compound Boiling point, at normal pressure Heat of vaporization
(K) (°C) (°F) (kJ/mol) (J/g)
Acetone 329 56 133 31.300 538.9
Aluminium 2792 2519 4566 294.0 10500
Ammonia 240 −33.34 −28 23.35 1371
Butane 272–274 −1 30–34 21.0 320
Diethyl ether 307.8 34.6 94.3 26.17 353.1
Ethanol 352 78.37 173 38.6 841
Hydrogen (parahydrogen) 20.271 −252.879 −423.182 0.8992 446.1
Iron 3134 2862 5182 340 6090
Isopropyl alcohol 356 82.6 181 44 732.2
Methane 112 −161 −259 8.170 480.6
Methanol 338 64.7 148 35.2 1104
Propane 231 −42 −44 15.7 356
Phosphine 185 −87.7 −126 14.6 429.4
Water 373.15 100 212 40.66 2257