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Finance Calculators ▶ Price Elasticity of Demand Calculator

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The team of calculator-online brings another efficient and reliable tool known as “price elasticity of demand calculator” that is using the simple price elasticity of demand formula. Yes, this elasticity calculator helps you to measure the PED within a couple of seconds.

Well, before knowing about this price elasticity of demand calculator, you should beware of with the term “PED.”

Let’s move ahead!

Price elasticity of demand (PED) is a type of economic measurement through which you come to know how the quantity of demand for a good will be affected by changes in its price. In simple words, PED is a way to determine the responsiveness of consumers to fluctuations in price.

More specifically, the price elasticity definition – it shows the relationship between price and quantity demanded and provides a precise/exact calculation concerning the effect of a change in price on quantity demanded.

These are the types of PED:

- Elastic Demand
- Unit Elastic
- Inelastic Demand
- Perfectly Inelastic
- Perfectly Elastic

If the PED is greater than 1 (|PED| > 1), then the demand is said to be as elastic demand.

People often asked about what is unit elastic! Well, if the PED is equal to 1 (|PED| = 1), then the demand is known as unit elastic.

If the PED is less than 1 (|PED| < 1), then the demand is said to be as inelastic demand.

If the PED is equal to zero (|PED| = 0), then the demand is known as a perfectly inelastic.

If the PED is equal to infinity (|PED| = Infinity), then the demand is said to be as a perfectly elastic.

The price elasticity of demand calculator allows is the smart tool that allows you to calculate the price elasticity by different methods. Our efficient price elasticity calculator uses a simple price elasticity formula to determine how demand for goods/services may change in response to a change in the prices of those goods/services. This elasticity calculator calculating PED with:

- Midpoint Method for Elasticity
- Point Elasticity Method
- Percentage Change Formula

Apart from these methods, this price elasticity calculator allows you to calculate the revenue in both initial and final state and also revenue increased percentage.

Our price elasticity of demand calculator is the user-friendly tool that works efficiently to perform PED calculations, all you need to follow the given steps to get instant results!

At first, you have two options ‘Price Elasticity’ and ‘Revenue’, select the one for which you want to perform calculations:

If you hit the ‘Price Elasticity’ tab, then you can:

**Input:**

- First of all, you have to enter the initial price that is a monetary value into the designated field
- Very next, you have to enter the final price that is also said to be as a monetary value
- Then, you ought to enter the initial quantity of your product into the designated field
- Right after, you have to enter the new quantity of your product into the designated field

**Output:**

Once done, hit the calculate button – the price elasticity of demand (midpoint method) calculator will shows:

- Price Elasticity of Demand
- Type of Elasticity
- Elasticity Summary
- Initial Revenue
- Final Revenue
- Revenue Increase

**Input:**

- You have to add the initial price (monetary value) into the designated box the calculator
- Then, you ought to add the final price (monetary value) into the given field
- Now, you have to enter the initial quantity of the product
- Finally, you ought to add the new quantity of your product

**Output:**

Once, the above parameters added, the price elasticity of demand (point elasticity method) calculator will generate:

- Price Elasticity of Demand (according to point elasticity method)
- Type of Elasticity
- Elasticity Summary
- Initial Revenue
- Final Revenue
- Revenue Increase

**Input:**

- First of all, you have to add the percentage change in quantity into the designated filed
- Then, you have to enter percentage change in price into the designated field

**Output:**

- Price Elasticity of Demand (according to Percentage Change Formula)
- Type of Elasticity
- Elasticity Summary

Now, if you want to perform revenue in both initial and final state and also revenue increased percentage, then simply select the ‘Revenue’ tab from the above calculator.

Here you can find three fields, these are:

- Initial Revenue
- Final Revenue
- Revenue Increase

All you need to enter any of the above values into the above elasticity calculator to find the third one. Well, the price elasticity of demand calculator is an advanced tool that assists in finding out the PED and change in aggregate revenue

You can calculate PED using simple price elasticity of demand formula; this formula is based on price which is derived by dividing the percentage change in quantity (∆Q/Q) by percentage change in price (∆P/P).

Price Elasticity Formula is represented mathematically as:

**PED= (Percentage Change In Quantity (∆Q/Q) )/(Percentage Change In Price (∆P/P))**

Furthermore, the price elasticity of demand equation can be elaborated into:

**PED = ((Q1 – Q0)/ (Q1 + Q0))/((P1 – P0)/(P1 + P0))**

Where;

**P0 = Initial price and P1 = Final price, Q0 = Initial quantity, Q1 = Final quantity**

Our elasticity of demand calculator also considers the above formula for calculating elasticity!

PED equation can be elaborated in the given steps:

- First, you have to identify P0 (initial price) and Q0 (initial quantity) respectively; then you have to decide on the target/final quantity (Q1) and based on that the final price point (P1), respectively
- Now, you have to stick with the numerator of the formula known as a percentage change in quantity. It is done by dividing the difference of final and initial quantities (Q1 – Q0) by summation of the final and initial quantities (Q1 + Q0) that mathematically represented as (Q1 – Q0) / (Q1 + Q0)
- Right after, you have to stick on a denominator that represents that percentage change in the price. It is done by dividing the difference of final and initial prices (P1 – P0) by summation of the final and initial prices (P1 + P0), it’s mathematical representation is (P1 – P0) / (P1 + P0)
- Finally, the PED formula is computed by dividing the expression in the above step 2 by expression the above step 3 as mentioned below

**PED = ((Q1 – Q0)/ (Q1 + Q0))/((P1 – P0)/(P1 + P0))**

But, don’t to worry! There is a no need to do these complex mathematically calculation and even no need to remember these all formulas. You just have to initial price, new price, initial quantity, and new quantity in the above price elasticity of demand calculator and remaining will do by our calculator within seconds.

In fact, elastic goods and services generally have plenty of substitutes. Remember that as an elastic service/good’s price increases, the quantity of demanded good can drop fast. Many other examples of elastic goods are including:

- Furniture
- Motor Vehicles
- Instrument Engineering Products
- Professional Services
- Transportation

If the quantity demands of the product change drastically when its price fluctuates, then this product is said to be as an elastic. Conversely, a product is said to be as an inelastic if the quantity demand of that product changes very little when its price increases or decreases.

Gasoline is the most prominent example of relatively inelastic demand. As the price of gasoline raised, the quantity demanded doesn’t decrease all that much. And, this is all because there are very few good substitutes for gasoline and purchasers are still willing to buy it even at relatively high prices.

Economist measures the PED in coefficients. Keep in mind, in response to the change in price, the demand for a product can say to be as elastic, perfectly elastic, inelastic, or perfectly inelastic that based on the coefficient.

When the PED for good is relatively inelastic (-1 < Ed < 0), the percentage change in quantity demanded is smaller than that in price. However, when the price is increased, the total revenue increases, and vice versa.

No doubt, generally the demand for the product increases as the price is lowered and declines as the price increases, that’s the reason why is the PED usually negative. Keep in mind, the change in price affects the likelihood of consumers concerning substitute’s products or a few steps to reduce their aggregate demand.

The given factors affect the elasticity of demand for a commodity:

- Number of Substitutes Available
- Nature of Commodity
- Price of Product Concerning Income
- Cost of Substitution
- Brand Loyalty
- Necessary Goods
- Level of Price
- Postponement of Consumption
- Number of Uses
- Share In Total Expenditure
- Time Period
- Habits

PED is something that can also be used in the taxation policy in order to attain high tax revenue from the citizens. Price inelastic is one of the ways that taken into account by the government to raise tax revenue in commodities. For example, the Government could increase the tax amount in goods such as cigarettes and alcohol.

Several factors that affect the demand for a product, such as:

- Price
- Income Levels
- Consumer Tastes and Preferences
- Competition
- Fashions

Thankfully, calculating PED becomes easy with the above calculator. Our price elasticity of demand calculator is an efficient and reliable tool that helps the company to fix their price, calculate and predict sales and revenue.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia – Price elasticity of demand (PED) – Point-price elasticity of demand – Arc elasticity – Relation to marginal revenue – effect on entire revenue – Effect on tax incidence – optimal pricing – Selected price elasticities

From the source of investopedia – By WILL KENTON – Reviewed By BRIAN BARNIER – Updated Feb 28, 2020 – What Is Price Elasticity of Demand – formula for any calculation of demand elasticity – Understanding Price Elasticity of Demand – How Businesses Use Price Elasticity of Demand!

From the source of khanacademy – Price elasticity of demand and price elasticity of supply – midpoint method to calculate elasticity – point elasticity of demand to calculate elasticity – Calculating the price elasticity of supply – Self check questions of (PED)

From the authorized source of economicsdiscussion – 5 Types of Price Elasticity of Demand (Completely Elaborated) – Article Shared by Nitisha –