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derivative Calculator

Derivative Calculator

Enter the function, select the variable, and write the order. The derivative calculator will instantly differentiate the function with complete calculations shown.


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An online derivative calculator helps to find the derivative of the function with respect to a given variable and shows you the step-by-step differentiation. For better understanding, you can take a look at the given examples to differentiate the function. You can use this differential calculator to simplify first, second, third, or up to 5 derivatives.

No doubt, an online derivative solver is the best way to take a derivative at any point and even assists you to solve partial derivatives. Well, this context provides you with the derivative rules, how to find derivative (step-by-step), and by using a calculator.

What Is Derivative?

In mathematics, the “derivative” measures the sensitivity to change of output value with respect to a change in the input value but in calculus, derivatives are central tools.


In the case of a moving object with respect to the time the derivative is the change in velocity in a certain time. In simple words, it measures how quickly a moving object changes its position when time advances. Therefore, the derivative is the “instantaneous rate of change”, in the dependent variable to that of the independent variable.

The process of finding a derivative is known as differentiation. Consequently, a Differentiation calculator will be a great help for the quick identification of derivatives.

Did You Know!

Many statisticians have defined derivatives simply by the following formula:

  • \(d/dx *f=f * (x)=limh→0 f (x+h) − f(x) / h\)

The derivative of a function f is represented by d/dx* f. “d” is denoting the derivative operator and x is the variable. The derivatives calculator let you find derivative without any cost and manual efforts. However, the derivative of the “derivative of a function” is known as the second derivative and can be calculated with the help of a second derivative calculator. whenever you have to handle up to 5 derivatives along with the implication of differentiation rules just give a try to a derivative finder to avoid the risk of errors.

Derivative Rules:

There are certain rules that can be used to find out derivatives. These beneficial rules help you work out the derivatives. By following them you can add subtract and understand that how to take a derivative. Have a look down below to learn about them:

Common Functions Function Derivative
Constant c 0
Line x 1
ax a
Square x2 2x
Square Root √x (½)x
Exponential ex ex
ax ln(a) ax
Logarithms ln(x) 1/x
loga(x) 1 / (x ln(a))
Trigonometry (x is in radians) sin(x) cos(x)
cos(x) −sin(x)
tan(x) sec2(x)
Inverse Trigonometry sin-1(x) 1/√(1−x2)
cos-1(x) −1/√(1−x2)
tan-1(x) 1/(1+x2)


Rules Function Derivative
Multiplication by constant cf cf’
Power Rule xn nxn−1
Sum Rule f + g f’ + g’
Difference Rule f – g f’ − g’
Product Rule fg f g’ + f’ g
Quotient Rule f/g (f’ g − g’ f )/g2
Reciprocal Rule 1/f −f’/f2
Chain Rule
(as “Composition of Functions”)
f º g (f’ º g) × g’
Chain Rule
(using ’ )
f(g(x)) f’(g(x))g’(x)
Chain Rule
(using \( \frac{dy}{dx}\))
\( \frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{dy}{du} \frac{du}{dx}\)

How to Find Derivative (Solved Examples)?

Here we are going to helps you to solve derivative problems according to the above-mentioned differentiation rules. So, let’s start!


What is the derivative of \(cos (x)\)?

Apart from manual calculations, you can look at the above table to find the derivative of \(cos(x)\)

$$ \frac {d} {dx} cos (x) $$

We can write as:

$$ = -sin(x) $$


$$ cos(x)’ = – sin(x) $$

Power Rule:


What is \(\frac {d} {dx} x^2\) ?

We use Power Rule, Where \(n = 2\):

$$ \frac {d} {dx} x^n = nx^{n-1}$$

After putting \( n = 2\) in power rule formula

$$ \frac {d} {dx} x^2 = 2x^{2-1}$$

$$ = 2x$$

\( \frac {2} {x} \) is also \( 2x^{-1} \)

$$\frac {d} {dx} 2x^{-1} = 2\frac {d} {dx} x^{-1}$$

$$= 2 (-1) x^{-1-1}$$


$$= -2x^{-2}$$

$$=\frac {-2} {x^2}$$

Multiplication by constant :


What is \(\frac {d} {dx} 3x^4\) ?

$$\frac {d} {dx} 3x^4 $$

Taking from Power Rule

$$\frac {d} {dx} x^4 = 4x^{4-1} = 4x^3 $$

$$ \frac {d} {dx} 3x^4 = 3\frac {d} {dx} x^4 = 3 * 4x^3 = 12x^3$$

Sum Rule:

According to Sum Rule:

The derivative of \(x + y = x’ + y’\)


What is derivative of \(x^3 + 13 x^2\)?

We take each derivative separately after that add them.

$$x^3 + 13 x^2$$

By using power Rule

$$\frac {d} {dx} (x^3 = 13x^2) = \frac {d} {dx} x^3 + \frac {d} {dx} 13x^2$$


$$= 3x^{3-1} + 13 * 2x^{2-1} = 3x^2 + 26x$$

Difference Rule:

According to Difference Rule:

The derivative of \( x – y = x’ – y’\)


What is \(\frac {d} {dy} (y^2 – 3y^4)\)?

We take each derivative separately after that add them.

By using Power Rule

$$\frac {d} {dy} (y^2 – 3y^4) = \frac {d} {dy} y^2 – \frac {d} {dy} 3y^4$$

$$= 2y^{2-1} – 3 * 4y^{4-1}$$


$$= 2y – 12y^3 $$

Sum, Difference, Constant, Multiplication and Power Rule:


What is \(\frac {d} {dx} (3x^3 + x^2 -7x)\) ?

By using the Power Rule

$$\frac {d} {dx} (3x^3 + x^2 -7x)$$

$$= \frac {d} {dx} 3x^3 + \frac {d} {dx} x^2 – \frac {d} {dx} 7x$$

$$= 3 * 3x^{2-1} + 2x^{2-1} – 7 * 1$$


$$= 9x^2 + 2x – 7$$

Product Rule:

According to Product Rule:

The derivative of \(xy = xy’ + x’y\)


What is the derivative of \(sin(x)cos(x)\) ?

If we put values in Product Rule:

$$x = sin$$

$$y = cos$$

After reading above table:

$$\frac {d} {dz} (sin(z) cos(z))$$

$$= sin(z) \frac {d} {dz} cos(z) + cos(z) \frac {d} {dz} sin(z)$$


$$= sin(z) (- sin(z)) + cos(z) . cos(z)$$

$$= – sin^2 (z) + cos^2 (z)$$

Quotient Rule:

According to Quotient Rule:

$$(\frac {x} {y} )’ = \frac {xy’ – x’y} {y^2}$$


What is the derivative of \( \frac {sin(z)} {z}\) ?

$$\frac {d} {dz} (\frac {sin(z)} {z})$$

$$= \frac {z \frac {d} {dz} (sin(z)) – sin(z) \frac {d} {dz} z} {z^2}$$


$$= \frac {zcos(z) – sin(z) } {z^2}$$

Reciprocal Rule:

According to Reciprocal Rule:

The derivative of  \(\frac {1} {w} = \frac {-fw’} {w^2}\)


What is \( \frac {d} {dw} (\frac {1} {w})\)?

$$\frac {1} {w}$$

By using \(f(w)= w\) , we can see that \(f’(w) = 1\)

$$\frac {d} {dw} (\frac {1} {w})$$
$$= \frac {-1} {w^2}$$

Chain Rule:

According to Chain Rule:

The derivation of \(f(g(x)) = f ‘(g(x))g'(x)\)


What is \(\frac {d} {dx} (cos(x^3))\) ?

$$\frac {dy} {dx} = \frac {dy} {du} . \frac {du} {dx}$$

Differentiate each value:

$$\frac {d} {dx} (cos(x^3))$$

$$f(h) = cos(h)$$

The value of \(h(x)\)

$$h(x) = x^3 $$

$$f ‘(h) = -sin(x)$$

$$h ‘(x) = 3x^2$$

According to above table the derivative of \(cos(x)\)

$$\frac {d} {dx} (cos(x^3)) = -sin(h(x))(3x^2)$$

$$= – 3x^2 sin(x^3)$$


$$\frac {d} {dx} (cos(x^3)) = \frac {d} {du} cos(u) \frac {d} {x} x^3$$

$$= -sin(u) 3x^2$$


$$= -3x^2 sin(x^3)$$

How Does Online Derivative Calculator Work?

To calculate the derivative, you have to follow a simple step by step procedure:


  • First of all, you will enter the equation with the help of support functions such as sqrt, log, sin, cos, tan, etc. you can take help for uploading the equation by loading examples in the drop-down menu. It will preview your equation as well.
  • Now select the derivative with respect to \(a, b, c, x, y, z, or n\).
  • Select the number of times to differentiate. You can select up to 5 times
  • Hit the calculate button


  • First of all, it will show your input
  • Secondly, It will find the derivative of a function
  • Thirdly it will simplify your answer
  • It will show you the whole calculations as well along with the applied differentiation rules.
  • The differentiate calculator will help to differentiate the function either for first, second, third, fourth, and fifth derivative.


How do you differentiate a function with two variables?

First of all, you have to take the partial derivative of z with respect to x. However, very next you have to assume the derivative again, with respect to y. x should remain constant. now pay attention to the phenomena of the cross partial as a measure of in what way the slope changes, with the change in the y variable. For clarification, you can take assistance from the first derivative calculator by solving a derivative problem.

What does the 2nd derivative tell you?

The second derivative measures the rate at which the first derivative changes. The second derivative will demonstrate the increase or decrease in the slope of the tangent line. Hence with the support of a double derivative calculator, the rate of change of the original function can be monitored.

Does derivative order matter?

The order of differentiation or derivative does not matter at all. You can first differentiate with respect to the second derivative and then with respect to the first derivative or vice versa. For convenience, you could use the free second derivative calculator that computes first, second, or up to 5 differentiation step-by-step.

How do you know when to use logarithmic differentiation?

Logarithmic differentiation can be used to express the form \(y = f(x)g(x)\), a variable to the power of a variable. You can’t apply The power rule and the exponential rule in such a situation. You can try a logarithmic differentiation calculator that helps to solve your logarithmic differentiation problems stepwise.

What happens when you take the derivative of a function?

Whenever there will be a derivative of a function, you are going to end up with another function that will provide the slope of the original function. For the derivative of a function, there must be the same limit from left to right for it to be differentiable at that point.

Wrapping it-up:

This Derivative Calculator demonstrates a step-by-step help to find the derivatives and derivative of the function. It follows the different rules of differentiation and anyone can handle simple and complex derivative calculations with this derivative finder. It is a great help for academic and learning purposes and supports students as well as professionals equally. Additionally, this differential calculator can evaluate the derivatives at the given point, whenever needed.

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